The politics of imperialism in Latin America.
Latin America has been a region exploited by national as well as foreign capital for decades. During the 19th century, countries like Germany, Portugal, Spain and England were responsible for exploiting the region's natural resources, colonizing countries and abusing the Latin American working class for decades. The United States arrived in another phase of history, after the countries mentioned above, but today it has already become the world power that keeps Latin America under the yoke of U.S. imperialism.
In order for the United States to make its way inside the other imperialist countries, it was necessary to establish a policy that would be defended by successive American governments, the one known as the Monroe Doctrine, which in Trotsky's words is understood as "the right of American imperialism to take a dominant position in the countries of Latin America, assuming the position of being their exclusive exploiter".
In this way, the governments of the United States began a true imperialist crusade, where "naturally" this power would be the only one with permission and authorization to exploit the various countries of Latin America, and with this, to establish the idea of a "democratic" capitalism on the part of the U.S., an idea of "country to follow", of "Western democracy" and "prosperity".
For this, the role of the national bourgeoisies of each country and the Armed Forces was crucial to counteract any kind of social revolution, uprising of the working class or any questioning that might arise against imperialist policy. Not for nothing is it known that the U.S. has financed military dictatorships on various occasions in order to prevent any advance of Marxist and socialist ideologies, and thus also to ensure "the imperialist structure and guarantee an unaltered flow of the super-achievers of the northern colossus. The most active and impetuous promoter of military dictatorships in Latin American countries is US imperialism, whose millions of dollars invested abroad are directed to the Western hemisphere".
In the case of the establishment of the Civic-Military Dictatorship in Chile, the US government was key to carrying out the military coup and the subsequent implementation of the neoliberal ideology, political and economic system that came to oxygen the crisis that capitalism was going through in the 70s. In this sense, the North American imperialism financed (2) directly the Chilean right wing and paved the way for both the North American and Chilean bourgeoisie to take advantage of the wave of privatizations that were promoted in the 80's in the country; the one that affected the natural resources of Chile, the state companies that became in private hands and also the set of democratic rights that were also privatized.
U.S. imperialism uses different methods and policies to expand throughout Latin America and the rest of the world. In the document "Imperialism in the face of the economic crisis" by José Welmowicki, it is stated that "the immense sums channeled for the payment of public debts (external or internal), the policies of the central banks, such as the interest rates at the service of the accumulation of the banks and more recently the policy of fiscal and commercial deficits served to sustain the expansion of US financial capital (with its European partners) throughout the world. Privatizations were another measure to serve monopoly capital, in addition to meaning the plundering by imperialist corporations of productive parks and mineral wealth.
For imperialism to carry out its plans, the relationship with the nation states and their bourgeoisies is fundamental. In the case of Chile, and taking into account the country's most important natural resource, copper, the approval of the Organic Constitutional Law on Mining Concessions, which came into force in 1981, at the height of the Dictatorship and with José Piñera at its head (the same man who promoted the anti-union Plan Laboral and the AFPs), has allowed foreign companies to exploit the mineral and also the mining workers, for decades, at no great cost.
According to the Center for Social and Political Research on Labor (CIPSTRA), "the Chilean state possesses large copper deposits, lends them to large multinational mining companies free of charge so that they can exploit them (and, as we will see, earn multimillion-dollar profits), and if the state wants to return them, it must pay back the value of all the copper it had lent to the multinationals (when they did not even pay for the right to concession). This means that in practice, if this law is followed, the copper deposits are inexpropriable".
In conclusion, the empire will always be a weapon of destruction.
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