One of the most complex of the Mercury astronauts, Alan Shepard was the first American in space and the fifth man to walk on the moon. In between, he worked closely with fellow Mercury astronaut Deke Slayton to take charge of the Astronaut Office and overcame an ear condition that nearly ended his career as an astronaut. He also become known as both "the Ice Commander" and "Smilin' Al" for his ability to flip between a cool, icy attitude and his hard-charging party animal mode.


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