Chávez changed the social and political history of Venezuela.
On February 2, 1999, Commander Hugo Chávez took office for the first time as President of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, after the electoral triumph of December 6, 1998, in which he obtained 56.20 percent of the votes.
With a few words that marked history, he vowed to transform the country through a constituent process that would reform the Constitution of 1961, the first step that laid the foundations of a new inclusive and protagonist social model.
In his oath before the Constitution of 1961, the Leader of the Bolivarian Revolution decreed its transformation to adapt it to the needs of the people and the new model of the country, which was projected during the Rebellion of February 4, 1992.
Comandante Chávez always made it clear that his policies and transformations would be inspired by the Liberator Simón Bolívar.
Chávez's victory in 1998 is considered unique, since it was the first time that a militant politician of a non-traditional party governed the nation.
Everyone must take responsibility
"We will begin to apply the measures that we, as the National Executive Power, are entitled to, but of course that will not be enough. It will be necessary, I insist, that everyone here assumes their responsibilities, and especially those of us who have responsibilities for conducting public, private, religious, economic, social, and educational institutions. We tune the course, let's give our children and our grandchildren a Homeland that we do not have today, "he said that February 2.
In his speech, which lasted two hours, he said: "I prefer death rather than betrayal; I declare it before the world and declare it before Venezuela: there is no going back in the political Revolution that we have to push forward and that the streets of the people of this whole land of Bolívar are clamoring for. "
There are innumerable debates and concrete proposals made in recent years by commoners and community members, to propose a new one. Someone could say that we are in another context and that they should be reevaluated, but in reality the vast majority of them are fully valid. It goes without saying that there has been no political will for its development.
For Comandante Chávez: "the commune must be the space where we are going to give birth to socialism", with the constitution of self-government, from a logic of political aggregation that starts from the communal council and constitutes its own instances assuming participative and protagonist democracy as a basis fundamental for it, also articulating with the various sectoral organizations present in its field.
It is important to note that in addition to the communes, the common, the communal, is raised as a political key that transcends the commune as a territorial instance; it is the synthesis of a political proposal that groups the construction of the Popular Government System (as Chavez put it in the Blue Book), but also the articulation of the popular subject in a broad sense, with the workers who assume the management of the factories, with the peasantry that promotes the control of the land for production at the service of the people, with the student body mobilized in defense of public and free education, but also committed to the technical and scientific development of the Homeland, as well as women and diversity sexual in struggle for all the claims that have not yet materialized.
This armed political / social is part of the fabric that builds hegemony from the keys raised by Comandante Chávez, including:
"The communes must become a unified national system"
The commander shared a reading with us in the Aló Presidente Teórico Nº1, which should be taken into account in this new context, of brutal attacks by the empire, with a real threat of military intervention, with blockade and illegal sanctions promoted to generate an aggression against all The population: "The Revolution must, on pain of perishing, of being captured, radically modifying the vision of the world proper to capitalism, must undertake actions that reconstruct the social fabric, and for this it is most important to elevate the local to the universal level. Establish political, social, economic, organizational and spiritual relationships from the base to the national level -from the nucleus, I would say, from the cell to the entire national level. "4
"For the conformation of a Communal State ... repoliticizing the battle, without managing the policy"
"It is not going to come that (socialism) as fallen from the sky we have to give birth to it, push it, build it" for that "we must dismantle the bourgeois state ... what challenges do we have to turn the old counterrevolutionary state into a revolutionary state ... There is a tendency that it is dangerous, which is that the Communal Council rolls up like the snake, rolls itself into a cave, and isolates itself from the global political struggle and sometimes falls as if it were good, give me money for this project, for this project here and it is staying that only in the utilitarian would be a serious error. First of all, the struggle is political, it is ideological, we have to re-politicize the battle ... we have been a bit of managing politics, management, the work, the road, that is important. But beware all this has to be a great effort signed by politics, political consciousness...
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