As is well known, the country with the largest certified oil reserves worldwide is Venezuela, and who has kept the markets of the border cities of Colombia equipped, this equipment is made through a discriminated contraband of Venezuelan gasoline to Colombia. Which affects the Venezuelan economy in a negative way.
PARADOX.
The Colombian government, as a good carriage of Trump's policies, applauds at every moment the economic sanctions executed against the Venezuelan people, without caring that these same sanctions affect all the Colombian people that they do not serve, but live on the contraband from Venezuela.
The worst of the case is to listen to supposed political actor’s lackeys of this narco state who misinform even their own people making believe that due to the low production of gasoline in Venezuela the gasoline of Cúcuta is being taken to Venezuela which is causing the shortage in said city. GREATER LIE BUT IT WAS FOR VENEZUELAN GASOLINE THESE WERE A DEAD CITIES.
05-31-19.-The Colombian city of Cúcuta -frontier with Venezuela- is going through a shortage of fuel for vehicles and motorcycles without precedents, informed the director of service stations of that city on Tuesday, reported the AP agency.
As María Eugenia Martínez told the press, the situation is due to the fact that the amount of gasoline allocated monthly was exhausted and the black market "disappeared".
Monthly, the Ministry of Mines sends to Cúcuta and the department of Norte de Santander 10.5 million gallons of gasoline, which have a border subsidy, but for the outlets the needs are higher and there is a deficit of more than two million gallons in spite of that the amount allocated recently had increased more than one and a half million.
Martinez explained to The Associated Press that fuel smuggling was common for at least four decades, "but since they have refining and supply problems and there is no longer fuel, then the smuggling of gasoline from Venezuela to Colombia practically disappeared".
According to the Secretary of Traffic and Transportation of Cúcuta, Rodolfo Torres, in this city of 700 thousand inhabitants circulate more than 400 thousand vehicles and motorcycles. According to the AP, everything indicates that there will be no fuel for several days. The long lines that form between those who require it were not usual in this city.
The crisis in the hydrocarbons sector that hits Venezuela is causing serious effects in the border areas of Colombia, where it is evident that there is a shortage of gasoline. Long lines
are already observed in the service stations of Cúcuta, where they cannot cope with the needs of the city.
In addition, the old scenes of the 'pimpineros' that offered fuel in the streets of the capital of Norte de Santander were finished and the nearly 3,000 people who were dedicated to this activity were left without work.
In the midst of the gravity of the matter, there are permanent allegations that smuggling is now the reverse. Venezuelan gasoline no longer comes illegally, but through our borders Colombian fuels, which are subsidized there, go clandestinely to the neighboring country.
Currently to Cúcuta and the department of Norte de Santander, 10.5 million gallons of gasoline have the monthly subsidy that has the border, but according to the vendors, the needs are greater than 12.5 million gallons, that is, more than two million are missing.
Gasoline traffic in Cúcuta: Emergency due to gasoline shortage in Cúcuta and La Guajira.
Caracol Radio.
But the problem is not only from Cúcuta and Norte de Santander. In a tour that Caracol Radio is doing through the departments of Cesar and La Guajira, we find that, especially in this last department, there is a notorious lack of gasoline and the 'pimpineros' do not have much to sell either.
In Cúcuta, measures are already being taken: the authorities will begin operations to establish that all gasoline sales mechanisms comply with the regulations, only supply vehicles and avoid sales in additional containers to prevent them from leaving for neighboring Venezuela.
These operations are carried out by the police authorities and the Secretary of Government of the municipality, and are carried out in a surprising manner, without prior notice to the owners of these establishments.
Edinson Jimmy Cárdenas Daza, secretary of the Government of Cúcuta, told Caracol Radio that the order in these stations is maintained in order to avoid any inconvenience while the drivers buy the hydrocarbon.
Venezuela loses more than 50,000 barrels of oil a day for contraband gasoline.
By contraband of gasoline 2.1 million liters are lost, approximately 13,600 barrels per day, according to official reports. That fuel is taken from the country to be taken to bordering nations, where the price of gasoline can cost up to 40 times more than in Venezuela, as is the case in Colombia.
Unofficial reports indicate that smuggling reaches amounts greater than 50,000 barrels per day.
In the Ministry of Energy and Petroleum, they have discovered the illegal trade of gasoline in eight states, but not only by land, but also by sea.
The most serious problem occurs in Táchira, which concentrates 40% of contraband, followed by Zulia with 35%. That explains the priority of the Executive to address the problem in those states to avoid illegal sales to Colombia; but the situation includes other entities.
There are offices that go from Bolívar state to Brazil; In Falcón, boats leave to transport fuels to Caribbean islands; of Sucre and Delta Amacuro are shipped by sea to Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana. Also from Apure and Amazonas sales are made to Colombia.
A fact that ignited the warning signal in 2009 was the daily consumption of gasoline per inhabitant of Táchira, which reached 2.32 liters, which is 47% above the 1.58 liters’ average of the country, and is 87% above that registered in Caracas, which reached 1.24 liters per person per day.
In the case of the Falcón state, per capita gasoline consumption crossed the barrier of 2 liters per day; in Zulia it stood at 1.79, while in Bolivar the numbers indicate that each inhabitant consumes 1.68 liters daily, and the trend keeps growing if one takes into account that annually it rises between 4% and 5%.
"What is lost by gasoline contraband is accounted for in the losses recorded by PDVSA due to the low price, which reached 2.1 billion dollars last year," says Ramón Castro Pimentel, former vice president of Deltaven, the missing subsidiary of Petroleum of Venezuela that commercialized the fuel. "With the current price of gasoline, production and refining costs are not covered; neither are taxes paid, rational consumption is not stimulated and it generates incentives for contraband, "he adds.
Different studies reflect higher figures. There is talk of 10 billion dollars when the subsidy for all fuels is included and even 20 billion when considering the income that PDVSA could obtain if gasoline were sold in Venezuela at free market prices, in order to obtain profits.
 

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